Subsidized and Rental Household Eligibility and Benefits

Key to table headings:
SH-HIR - subsidized with heat included in rent
SH-DP - subsidized direct pay
Renter-HIR - nonsubsidized with heat included in rent

State SH-HIR Eligible SH-DP Eligible Renter/HIR Eligible Benefit Level Comment
Alabama
Yes Yes
Subsidized with a utility allowance are eligible.
Alaska No Yes Yes Same as regular, based on point system. Special utility deposit program pays minimum amount needed to establish natural gas or
electric service required to participate in subsidized rental housing (up to $500)
Subsidized with direct pay are eligible only if rent and utilities exceed 30% of income.
Arizona Yes Yes Yes Same as regular, based on point system Client is notified in writing of amount paid to landlord on their behalf.
Arkansas Yes Yes Yes

California Yes Yes Yes
No differentiation between subsidized and nonsubsidized renters.
Colorado No Yes Yes A flat amount of $180 is deducted from the benefit of a household with a utility allowance. The minimum benefit is $165 for 2002/2003 and is what the majority of subsidized housing applicants receive.
Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Benefits when heat in included in rent range from $60 -$90. If a subsidized renter is responsible for their primary heat source, they are eligible for the same benefits as any other household responsible for their own heat costs. No differentiation between subsidized and nonsubsidized renters.
Delaware No Yes Yes Subsidized heat-in-rent households receive a benefit if they are income eligible and their monthly rent is greater than $379/month. The benefit is based on the regular benefit chart for that household size, fuel type and income. Subsidied Direct Pay households receive a flat benefit of $150. Income eligible renters with heat-in-rent receive a regular benefit based on the benefit chart for all other eligible households.
District of Columbia Yes Yes Yes Benefit levels for renters with heat included in rent are 2/3 to 1/2 lower.
Florida No Yes Yes Based on a geographical matrix. Any subsidy is used to reduce the benefit amount. Subsidized households that pay any part of their energy costs are eligible.
Georgia No Yes No Same as regular benefit, based on the household size and income. Households that pay for energy directly are eligible.
Hawaii




Idaho Yes Yes Yes Where heat is included in rental costs, half of the average utility cost in that area is used to establish benefits. Persons residing in subsidized rental housing who are directly responsible for their energy costs and receive a 'utility allowance' to assist with their energy costs receive the lowest percentage of benefit.
Illinois Yes Yes Yes Benefit levels vary by household size, income level, and location. If energy costs are paid directly, fuel costs are also a factor. Subsidized households with heat included in rent are eligible if their lease contains a 'subject to surcharge' clause, if rent increases due to rising energy costs or if rent exceeds 30% of income. Renters with heat included in rent are eligible if rent exceeds 30% of income.
Indiana Yes Yes Yes Subsidized households with heat included in rent receive a flat payment of $100. Renters with heat included in rent receive the regular benefit amount based on a point system: nonsubsidized, 2 pts; subsidized that pay energy cost directly, 1 pt; heat included in rent, 0 pt.
Iowa No Yes Yes Benefits are based on a point system, subsidized housing and heat included in rent receive fewer points, -3.
Kansas No Yes Yes Subsidized household that pay for energy cost directly receives a regular benefit, utility allowance is not taken into account.
Kentucky Yes Yes Yes Crisis: Households residing in subsidized housing will be responsible for a higher co-payment due to receiving a utility allowance. The co-payment amount will be based on the household's percent of poverty.
Louisiana Yes Yes Yes

Maine Yes Yes Yes Subsidized household with heat included in rent, $5 benefit; subsidized household that pays heat directly, utility allowance is subtracted from heating costs. The $5 benefit policy was instituted in order to allow Food Stamp recipients to claim standard utility allowance and get a higher FS benefit.
Maryland No Yes Yes Subsidized renters with heat not included are eligible for minimum benefit level by fuel type at 101-150% FPG category. Roomers and boarders receive Level III grant (101-150% FPG) by fuel type.
Massachusetts Yes Yes Yes Voucher tenants whose rent is higher than payment standard are eligible for full benefits based on income, heat-in-rent tenants receive 30% of monthly rent. If voucher tenants' rent is less than or equal to payment standard they are eligible for up to 1/3 of benefit by income. A rental household where the rental payment is not limited to a fixed low percentage of income is eligible. Renters in public housing or private subsidized housing where rent is limited to a fixed low percentage of income and heat is included in rent or they pay for utilities only are not eligible for LIHEAP.
Michigan Yes Yes Yes Renters with heat included in rent receive 50% of regular benefit Do not differentiate between subsidized and nonsubsidized housing residents.
Minnesota Yes Yes Yes Residents of subsidized housing who are responsible for their heating costs are eligible for grants based on their consumption. Residents of subsidized housing who are responsible for electric costs only are eligible for flat grant of $100 which will be paid to the electric account with their vendor. Residents of subsidized housing who pay neither heat nor electric costs to a vendor are not eligible to receive an Energy Assistance Benefit.
Mississippi Yes Yes Yes

Missouri No Yes Yes Standard benefits except nonsubsidized renters with heat included in rent receive a payment equal to 8% of their annual rent cost or the amount they would receive as a homeowner, whichever is less. Subsidized households with heat included in rent are eligible if energy costs are greater than the utility allowance.
Montana Yes Yes Yes For nonsubsidized renters with heat included in rent, eligible energy costs must be supported by rent receipts. Payments will not exceed 50 percent of the amount of rent paid per the receipt.
Nebraska No* Yes Yes Subsidized households with utilities included may be eligible for crisis or cooling if the household is responsible for excess electricity used due to air conditioning or operating a furnace fan and the electricity could be shut off. They would have to meet cooling eligibility requirements. Renters with utilities included are usually multi-house dwellings, benefits are 50% of those for single dwelling households.The household would not be eligible for crisis or cooling unless charged for excess electricity. The household would have to meet the cooling eligibility criteria.
Nevada No Yes Yes Beginning July 1, 2003, households in subsidized housing will receive a minimum payment of $120. Nevada defines a subsidized household as one whose rent has been reduced (30% of income) and who receives a Utility Fuel Allowance (UFA). The following rules pertain to master metered households:
1) If all utilities are in the landlord's name and are included in the rent AND the household does not receive a separate bill that includes consumption and dollar usage, the household is ineligible for energy assistance.
2) If all utilities are in the landlord's name and are included in the rent, BUT the household receives a separate bill that includes consumption and dollar usage, the household is eligible for a fixed annual credit payable to the household.
3) If one of the utilities is in the landlord's name and one is in the household's name, the household will receive a fixed annual credit based on the utility in the household's name payable to the household's utility; UNLESS, the household receives a separate bill from the landlord that includes consumption and dollar usage in which case the household receives a fixed annual credit based on both utilities that is payable to the household's utility not to exceed the annual usage, and the remainder payable to the household.
New Hampshire No Yes Yes Subsidized households that direct pay are eligible if energy costs are over $100 after the utility allowance is deducted. Voucher recipients are treated as regular rentals. Benefits are based on annual energy costs.
New Jersey No Yes Yes Subsidized households that pay energy costs directly receive regular benefits. Room and board are eligible if energy costs are included in rent or paid directly.
New Mexico No Yes Yes Based on points for income, fuel type, burden, vulnerable members. Subsidized with utility allowance are eligible if they have an additional out-of-pocket expense for utilities.
New York No Yes Yes For renters who pay for heat as a portion of monthly rent, benefit is a fixed dollar amount based on income tier. Direct pay renters benefit is based on income, vulnerable member, energy burden ratio. Individuals paying room only or room and board are not eligible.
North Carolina Yes* Yes

Subsidized with heat included in rent are eligible if they have paid an excess for utilities in the last 12 months at the current address.
North Dakota No Yes Yes Renter benefits are computed by subtracting the household's affordable heat cost from the cost/consumption tables or 25% of the annual rent cost, whichever is lower, the result is divided by 8 for a monthly benefit amount and multiplied by the number of eligible months. A cost/consumption table is based on average usage or consumption for various sizes of living units, types of buildings, and fuel types that have been multiplied times the estimated or projected actual fuel cost.
Ohio No Yes Yes

Oklahoma No* Yes Yes
Subsidized with heat included in rent are not eligible unless they are assessed a surcharge. Benefits are based on household size and income.
Oregon No* Yes Yes Subsidized direct-pay households are eligible for one-half of a regular benefit. Crisis payment is for exact amount of crisis, not to exceed the maximum allowable. Subsidized with heat included in rent are not eligible unless rent varies because of utility costs. Renters with heat included in rent must have a statement from the landlord.
Pennsylvania No* Yes No* Eligible roomers receive 50% of regular benefit. * Renters, including subsidized-housing tenants are ineligible if their rental charge includes an undesignated amount for heat and is based on a fixed percentage of their income or on their source of income.
Rhode Island No Yes Yes Any subsidized renter who is responsible directly to their energy vendor for the dwellings heating costs are eligible for a maximum primary grant of $200. Non-Subsidized renters whose heat and electric is included in their rent receive a direct $100 flat grant benefit made payable to the applicant.
South Carolina Yes Yes Yes Subsidized households with heat included in rent, subsidized with utility allowance, and households whose rent is adjusted based on income and heat is included in rent receive 50% of regular benefit.
South Dakota No Yes Yes Subsidized direct-pay households receive regular benefits based on costs. Landlord/LIEAP Agreement for renters with heat included in rent - landlord agrees to reduce rent by 30% each month and bill LIEAP until benefit is exhausted or it's the end of the heating season. If landlord charges rent plus heat, the heat bill is submitted to LIEAP.
Tennessee No* Yes Yes Same as regular benefit. *If subsidized households with heat included in rent are subject to overage, they can receive payments up to the maximum.
Texas Yes Yes Yes Subsidized direct-pay household benefits are based on heating or cooling costs minus any utility allowance. Landlords of renters with heat included in rent must furnish proof that the bill has been paid and that amount of assistance must be deducted from the rent. Master-metered households need an agreement with the landlord regarding what percent of rent goes toward utilities.
Utah Yes Yes Yes

Vermont Yes Yes Yes Heated rentals will receive 30% of average energy costs or $50 (whichever is greater), roomers/boarders receive a flat $50 benefit; subsidized with heat included in rent receive a $5 benefit.
Virginia No Yes Yes The benefit levels are based on household characteristics using a
point matrix system that establishes a households benefit amount based on the number of points for that specific household multiplied by the point value. The point value is based on available funds for the year in question.

Washington Yes Yes Yes
No differentiation between subsidized and nonsubsidized renters.
West Virginia No* Yes Yes
*Subsidized households with heat included in rent and subsidized receiving a utility allowance are ineligible except when surcharges must be paid for additional usage beyond a certain maximum.
Wisconsin No Yes Yes Heating portion of a utility allowance is deducted from a households heating costs prior to calculating their heating benefit. If eligible households are unable to document heating costs, for example when heat is included in rent, an estimate is provided based on actual fuel costs in WI for fuel type and dwelling type and size.
Wyoming Yes Yes Yes

Source: FY 2002 and FY 2003 state plans and state LIHEAP directors

Page last updated: September 9, 2013