State Percent of Poverty Guidelines for LIHEAP Components

Note: The LIHEAP statute  (Section 2605(b)(2)(b) of Public Law 97- 35) established 150 percent of the poverty guidelines(FPG) as a maximum income level allowed in determining LIHEAP eligibility, except where 60 percent of a state's median income (SMI) is higher. Effective in FY 1995, income eligibility criteria for LIHEAP may not be set lower than 110 percent of the federal poverty income guidelines, but priority may be given to households with the highest energy costs or needs in relation to income. The federal government sets the poverty guidelines in February of every year and publishes them in the Federal Register.

States may adopt the year's new guidelines at any time between the date of publication in the Federal Register and the first day of the next fiscal year or by the beginning of the grantee's fiscal year, whichever is later. For LIHEAP, the majority of states use the prior year guidelines until the first day of the next fiscal year in order to avoid changing guidelines in the middle of their program year. Most states start their new fiscal year October 1; however, a few states start theirs July 1 and those states, along with several that operate summer cooling programs, adopt the most recent guidelines in June or July.

The FY 2011 appropriation does not include a provision that will allow states to set their maximum ceiling for the remainder of the year as the greater of 75 percent of state median or 150 percent of the federal poverty level as was allowed in prior two years. The ceiling under the CR for the remainder of FY 2011 will be the same as allowed under current law as the greater of 60 percent SMI or 150 percent FPG.

Tables: As noted above, these income levels are used by most states through September 2011.

The Percent of Poverty Table below, compiled by the LIHEAP Clearinghouse, shows the percent of federal poverty guidelines (FPG) or state's median income (SMI) to be used by states in determining eligibility for LIHEAP components in FY 2011. Although states can have a different poverty level for each component (crisis, cooling and weatherization) the majority use the same poverty level for all components.

State
Heat
Crisis
Wx
Comment
Alabama
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Alaska
150 FPG
 
Arizona
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Arkansas
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
California
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Colorado
185 FPG
185 FPG
 
Connecticut
150 FPG
Heating and crisis: 200% FPG for seniors and disabled
Delaware
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Dist. of Columbia
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Florida
150 FPG
125 FPG
 
Georgia
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Hawaii
150 FPG
 
 
Idaho
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Illinois
150 FPG
 
Indiana
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Iowa
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Kansas
130 FPG
150 FPG
 
Kentucky
130 FPG
 
Louisiana
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Maine
228 FPG
228 FPG
228 FPG
Households with a member who is susceptible to hypothermia, such as elderly or a child under the age of two, may use up to 228% of poverty level
Maryland
175 FPG
175 FPG
 
Massachusetts
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Michigan
 
Minnesota
50 SMI
 
Mississippi
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Missouri
135 FPG
 
 
Montana
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Nebraska
116 FPG
116 FPG
 
Nevada
150 FPG
 150 FPG
 
New Hampshire
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
New Jersey
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
New Mexico
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
New York
60 SMI
60 SMI
Can use 150 FPG if greater than 60 SMI
North Carolina
 
North Dakota
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Ohio
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Oklahoma
130 FPG
 
Oregon
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Pennsylvania
160 FPG
160 FPG
 
Rhode Island
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
South Carolina
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
South Dakota
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Tennessee
125 FPG
125 FPG
 
Texas
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Utah
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Vermont
 
Virginia
130 FPG
130 FPG
 
Washington
125 FPG
 
West Virginia
130 FPG
 
Wisconsin
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Wyoming
60 SMI
60 SMI
 

Source: FY 2011 State LIHEAP Plans and interviews with state directors in late 2010


2011 Federal Poverty Guidelines for a Family Size of Four

Poverty Level 100% 110% 125% 150% 175% 200%
48 contiguous states and D.C. $22,350 $24,285 $27,938 $33,525 $39,113 $44,700
Alaska $27,940 $30,734 $34,925 $41,910 $48,895 $55,880
Hawaii $25,710 $28,281 $32,138 $38,565 $44,993 $51,420

Page last updated: September 9, 2013